Child Health

0-6 Years

child health

Children's Immunisation Schedule

Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.

 

Routine childhood immunisations 

When to immunise

Diseases protected against

Vaccine given

Site**

Two months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Thigh
Rotavirus Rotavirus (Rotarix) By mouth
Meningococcal group B (MenB) MenB Left thigh
Three months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Meningococcal group C disease (MenC) Men C (NeisVac-C or Menjugate) Thigh
Rotavirus Rotavirus (Rotarix) By mouth
Four months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Thigh
Meningococcal group B (MenB) Men B Left thigh
One year old Hib/MenC Hib/MenC (Menitorix) Upper arm/thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Upper arm/thigh
Measles, mumpsand rubella (German measles) MMR(Priorix or MMR VaxPRO) Upper arm/thigh
MenB MenB booster Left thigh
Two to six years old
(including children in
school years 1 and 2)
Influenza (each year from September) Live attenuated influenza
vaccine LAIV4
Both nostrils
Three years four months old or soon after Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio dTaP/IPV (Repevax) or DTaP/IPV(Infanrix-IPV) Upper arm
Measles, mumpsand rubella MMR (Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)(check first dose has been given) Upper arm
 

Please Note

** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

 

Immunisations for at-risk children 

Target Group Age & Schedule Disease Vaccines required
Babies born to hepatitis B infected
mothers
At birth, four weeks, eight weeks
and Boost at one year1
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B vaccine
(Engerix B / HBvaxPRO)

Infants in areas of the country with
TB incidence >= 40/100,000

At birth Tuberculosis BCG
Infants with a parent or grandparent
born in a high incidence country
At birth Tuberculosis BCG
 

Childrens Health

There is a good guide on the NHS website which describes various conditions affecting children. There is advice on how to diagnose them, how to treat them and if further advice should be consulted.

NHS  CHILDHOOD ILLNESS SLIDESHOW

 

When Should I Worry?

Having an ill child can be a very scary experience for parents. If you understand more about the illness it can help you to feel more in control. This booklet is for parents (and older children) and deals with common infections in children who are normally healthy.

Download the booklet

 

Conditions and Treatments

See the NHS Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

 

7-15 Years

Routine childhood immunisations 

Girls aged 12 to 13 years old Cervical cancer caused by human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11) HPV (two doses 6-12 months) Upper arm
14 years old (school year 9) Tetanus, diphtheria and polio Td/IPV (Revaxis), and check MMR status Upper arm
Meningococcal groups A, C, W
and Y disease
MenACWY Upper arm
 

Please Note

** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

The Meningitis C vaccination will be introduced during the 2013/14 academic year and the vaccine supplied will depend on the brands available at the time of ordering

 

Fevers

Most symptoms of a fever in young children can be managed at home with infant paracetamol. If the fever is very high, they may have an infection that needs treating with antibiotics.

 

Head Lice

Head lice are insects that live on the scalp and neck. They may make your head feel itchy. Although head lice may be embarrassing and sometimes uncomfortable, they don't usually cause illness. However, they won't clear up on their own and you need to treat them promptly

FIND OUT MORE

 

Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds (also known as epistaxis) are fairly common, especially in children, and can generally be easily treated.

 

NHS Conditions and Treatments

See the NHS Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

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